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Manfred La-Fontaine
16.02.2019, 18:07
This text has been machine translated and has not been corrected


1.) Bowl stones
Stone blocks or rock slabs on which shell-like, mostly hemispherical depressions of natural or artificial Origin. The human-mounted bowls have a diameter of a few centimeters. If the processing traces are weathered off, the art. Sometimes scarcely peels from the naturally formed by erosion processes. Differentiate between shells. http://www.hls-dhs-dss.ch/textes/d/D18758.php
Stones that are called shell or pot stones due to the indentations on them. The pebbles worldwide have been detected to contain some small gift (seed, needle, coin, ribbon, flowers, etc.).
The plebiscite combines with the wells mythical ideas of elves and dwarfs who lived among the stones. http://www.terraner.de/Lexikon.htm

2.) Heart-shaped salt blocks
In order to further promote sales, heart-shaped blocks made of salt were made in Hallstatt (as it was an early brand appearance). This was not just a gag, but also a proof of quality.

The three-day "Celts" excursion led first to the Archaeological Museum in Kelheim in Lower Bavaria and to the Altmühltal Archaeological Park ... Whether heart-shaped traces of degradation in the "Herzkammer" or the original find of the oldest wooden staircase in the world exhibited in the special exhibition in Herne, 135 meters below the Earth - the tour of the salt mine had many surprises in store.

The first large salt producers might have been Celts in today's Hallstatt in Austria. The name already points to the extraction of salt: The syllable "Hall" goes back to ᾁλσ, the Greek word for salt. In Hallstatt humans chiseled already in 14. Century v. Chr. Rock salt chunks from the mountain. In the epoch of about 800 - 400 BC, the production then exploded. In wide underground mining rooms, men in fine, colored woolen coats beat large, heart-shaped pieces of salt from the mountain walls by the light of Kienspänen - and became wealthy through trade.

3.) digitus salutaris
Raise the right hand (possibly with outstretched index finger (digitus salutaris / greeting finger)): Greetings or peace gesture

4.) jealousy
As a fig hand (also envy figurine, "show someone the *** thumb", dildo or "show the fig", mano in fica, mano fico, frz faire la figue, ital far la fica) one calls a gesture with the hand, in which the thumb is clamped between the index and middle fingers.
Figs (Latin ficus) and grapes were in ancient times as attributes of the wine and fertility god Dionysus / Bacchus. Thus, in the Italian language, the word "Fica" not only designates the fig as a fruit, but also the vulva and is a vulgar word for it.
In ancient Rome, the fig-hand was a common symbol of fertility and luck and served as an amulet to ward off evil spells. It was also used as a symbol by the Teutons.

5) The Venus of Willendorf
is known and famous far beyond the borders of Austria. The site is now publicly accessible and accessible via a staircase and a footpath directly above the railway line, in the construction of which the figure was found in 1908.
The original can be seen today in the Natural History Museum in Vienna. At the site itself, the Venus is oversized and gives an impressive picture. A small board explains the different settlement layers and their finds.
The small museum just below the site was unfortunately not open during our visit, but is certainly equally interesting for prehistorically interested people.
From the site where you can sit on a bench, you have a great view down to the Danube. https://www.tripadvisor.at/ShowUserReviews-g190424-d2078393-r436628860-Venus_of_Willendorf-Krems_an_der_Donau_Lower_Austria.html

6.) Band ceramics
The Band Ceramics (about 5 600 - 5 000 BC) Beginning of the Neolithic (Neolithic)
Naming the oldest stage of the Neolithic, the Linear Ribbon Ceramics (LBK) or Bandkeramische Kultur, are characteristic ornaments of the clay tableware. In the still damp clay, one scribed line bands, which spanned the vessel body in arched, wavy, or meandering patterns. http://www.landschaftsmuseum.de/Seiten/Lexikon/Bandkeramik.htm

7.) Silex - flint
Silex, flint: "Steel of the Stone Age"
The stone tools were made from pebbles or tubers, either from hornsteinartigen materials such as real (Nordic) flint, Jurassic or Keuper hornstein, Kalzedon or similar