The Fountain of Kermore over the millennia



This text has been machine translated and has not been corrected

The modern era in Brittany was unfortunately also the time of the destruction of the old buildings. Numerous tumuli, dolmens and menhirs were "Christianized" or simply destroyed.
The megaliths of Kermore were not spared. By a C-14 analysis of plant material could be proven that the small Menhir 1680 (+ - 30 years) was overturned.
Presumably, also in this period, the large stone formation, which is located 80 meters south-east of the well, blown up. From the fragments two large menhirs could be put together.


It is very likely that during the construction of the Kermore farm or the Kermore mill, the well next to the Stone Age monument was covered with massive granite boulders. From this well until the end of the 19th century, the mill of Kermore was supplied with drinking water.


As can be seen from anecdotal narratives, there was a ritual in this period, which should be helpful in bone diseases. For this it was necessary to circle the Stone Age monument three times. It is interesting that not the fountain was surrounded by the granite enclosure, but the large, "pagan" boulder.


In 1960, a stone pyramid was built over the granite enclosure of the main well. In a recess of the pyramid was, or is still a small figure, the hl. Anna represents. Stone pyramid and figure were inaugurated during a religious ceremony.


The former owner of Kermore reported that processions in honor of St. Anna were performed. Since the terrain was very humid, existing depressions, in which the water collected, were heaped up with soil. Most stones of the megalithic structure could only be guessed from this point on.

Around the same period, the mill of Kermore changed hands. Since the ford through the nearby stream (Frétu) was not passable by car, the new owner decided to various construction measures. It was u. a. with a large excavator the pond of Kermore dug and a dam with an adjustable drain (monk) built.
The water was dammed up with the newly created, drivable dam and partially flooded the areas previously used for vegetable cultivation and pasture grazing. Later, the construction work, the flooding of the land and the newly established path led to severe irritation between the neighbors, which lasted until the year 2008 and which eventually had to be clarified by the courts.
It can be assumed that the positions of larger stones were changed during the mechanical excavation work. Some stones were probably used to reinforce the dam. A stone table located on the dam of the pond was certainly not transported over a long distance, but assembled from the "surrounding material".


Around 1970, one of the residents of Kermore felt that the water in the granite well was not clean enough to "cook soup". He therefore dug for water 30 meters north-west of the original source. He covered the new well with chicken wire to keep animals away. In the drainage of this spring, an additional basin was dug, which served as a cattle-bath. The digging of the water probably reduced the amount of water flowing out of the central rock.


Seen from a distance, the activities of the residents seem questionable. But while the interest in dolmens or menhirs was limited to using them as building material after the Stone Age, at the latest after the time of Celts, the well of Kermore was continually of practical use and accordingly in use.
First of all, the large rock and the fresh water that was available in summer were the ideal conditions for a camp. Over the millennia, various construction measures have taken place, the actual extent of which can only be speculated.

A good idea of deliberate destruction can be obtained by a closer look at the opposite group of stones in the area of the municipality of Saint-Nizon / Malguenac. Obviously, large, probably upright, stone blocks were simply blown to pieces. Not to get stones for house building, no, it was blown up to destroy. The fragments are therefore still around and make a puzzle waiting to be put together.


Manfred La-Fontaine Kermore November 3, 2018